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Year 1

By the end of the year, Year 1 children should be able to read and spell these.

 

Phase 4

 

said

have

like

so

do

some

come

were

there

little

one

when

out

what

 

 

 

 

 

 

Phase 5

 

oh

their

people

Mr

Mrs

looked

called

asked

could

 

 

 

Year 1 children should learn these by the end of the year.

ay

(play)

ow

(snow)

ir

(girl)

ou

(out)

oy

(toy)

a-e

(wave)

ea

(eat)

i-e

(fine)

o-e

(stone)

are

(care)

u-e

(snow)

ew

(few)

au

(August)

ire

(fire)

oor

(floor)

aw

(paw)

ore

(more)

zh

(treasure)

ue

(clue)

wh

(what)

e-e

(theme)

ie

(tie)

ph

(phone)

 

Alternate pronunciations

i

(fin/find)

o

(hot/cold)

c

(cat/cent)

g

(got/giant)

u

(but/put)

ow

(cow/blow)

ie

(tie/field)

ea

(eat/bread)

er

(farmer/her)

a

(hat/what)

y

(yes/by/very)

ch

(chin/school/chef)

ou

(out/shoulder/could/you)

Year 1

Alternative graphemes for reading (different ways of writing the same sound)

Sound

Another way it can be written

c

k, ck, qu, x, ch

ch

tch

f

ph

j

g, dge

m

mb

n

kn, gn

ng

n(k)

r

wr

s

c, sc

sh

Ch, t(ion), ss(ion, ure), s(ion, ure), c(ion, ious, ial)

v

ve

w

wh

e

ea

i

y, ey

o

(w)a

u

o

ai

ay, a-e, eigh, ey, ei

ee

ea, e-e, ie, y, ey, eo

igh

y, ie, i-e

oa

ow, oe, o-e, o

oo

ew, ue, ui, ou

oo

u, oul

ar

a

or

aw, au, al, our

ur

ir, er, ear

ow

ou

ear

ere, eer

air

are, ear

ure

our

er

our, e, u